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What strange things do people search for on Google? How does income tax affect migration patterns? What features are popular in which type of 彩票联盟首页s?

At the City-Data Blog, our writers utilize data to answer questions you never knew you had. From silly, light-hearted investigations to powerful economic examinations, we cover a range of topics that anyone can enjoy! Our writers, many of them Ph.D. graduates or candidates, create easy-to-read articles on a wide variety of topics.

Best U.S. startup cities

Alexander Fishkov

Alexander Fishkov, Ph.D. student Computer Science

What is a startup?

A startup (or start-up) is a company or a project in its early stages with certain definitive features. It is risky and ambitious: The entrepreneur seeks to deliver a large impact, changing the way things are usually done in a field. Another defining aspect is that startups seek rapid growth but often fail. Since funds are generally required even for the initial development of a business, seeking venture capital is an essential part of the startup world. Thus, pitching ideas to angel investors and venture capitalists is an important part of success. Venture capitalists come at a later stage and provide more substantial amounts of money. This can, for instance, allow a company to hire more staff, speed production of a product or enter new markets quickly.

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Best selling video games

Alexander Fishkov

Alexander Fishkov, Ph.D. student Computer Science

The gaming industry has gone through many changes and transformations in the past few decades. It is no longer just an innocent hobby from childhood, but a hundred billion dollar industry that is rapidly growing. According to the Entertainment Software Association, 75 percent of Americans have at least one gamer in their household. As the industry has evolved, multiple genres of video games have emerged to choose from.

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Gaming industry

Alexander Fishkov

Alexander Fishkov, Ph.D. student Computer Science

With many technological advancements in information technology and the move toward a digital world, the entertainment industry is no exception. The computer gaming industry is rapidly growing with no expectation to slow down. Developments in areas such as smartphones, virtual reality and augmented reality drive forward the hardware and software sides of gaming.

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Virtual reality market

Alexander Fishkov

Alexander Fishkov, Ph.D. student Computer Science

Virtual reality (or VR) is a simulated experience that puts a user into a non-existent, “virtual” world. The user can move through this world and interact with objects there with almost no connection to the actual physical world.

This immersive technology finds many applications, including entertainment, like computer gaming, education, medical and even military. Other virtual-themed technologies include augmented and mixed reality. All these technologies date back many years ago as concepts and prototypes but have billions of dollars in market size today.

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Demographics of gamers

Alexander Fishkov

Alexander Fishkov, Ph.D. student Computer Science

Computer gaming has become an increasingly popular hobby in recent years. What started with pinball 彩票联盟首页 at bars and arcade games at malls is now available at 彩票联盟首页 with modern video game consoles and gaming PCs and even on-the-go with mobile phones. In 2018, the global video game market was estimated to be worth $115 billion, and it continues to grow.

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How much do people spend on games?

Alexander Fishkov

Alexander Fishkov, Ph.D. student Computer Science

Computer gaming has become an increasingly popular hobby in recent years. According to a by Pew Research, only 38 percent of respondents in the United States claimed to never play any video games. On the other hand, more than 40 percent of Americans play games at least sometimes. People in different countries around the world spend up to 15 percent of their free time playing video games.

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Coronavirus and the Return to Normalcy

Lech Mazur

Lech Mazur, Advameg CEO, founder, AI/NLP Startup founder.

There should be more discussion about how to restart the economy after the coronavirus. First, we need to have widespread rapid testing and a large supply of N95 or KN95 masks for everybody to wear in public. Paid sick leave (which employers encourage employees to use). Numeric gathering limits. Contact tracing likely won’t be practical.

Some activities should be allowed before others. Parks or beaches should probably reopen before nightclubs. Playing tennis before basketball. Working as a real estate agent before working as a museum tour guide. Being able to drive anywhere without restrictions before riding in an Uber without a mask or going on a cruise ship. Working in private offices before working in open office layouts (with or without masks). Going to a movie theater before flying to a work conference.

One problem is that this carries the appearance of picking winners and losers seemingly capriciously, and some parts of the economy are indeed zero-sum.

Should a massage therapist who was previously infected and has a doctor’s note with a positive antibody test result be able to work before one who doesn’t? From an epidemic-prevention standpoint, it makes sense. But does it sound just to the public? Isn’t it encouraging revealing private health information, and won’t there be unintended consequences to such policies (e.g., wanting to get infected on purpose, a la chickenpox parties)?

Europe got hit earlier, so it should provide some ideas worth copying in the U.S. Will they actually be copied, or is each state going to try to come up with their own unique way to take a suboptimal road while ignoring what their non-immediate neighbors do, just as they did while creating restrictions?

Which state will remove restrictions first? Alaska? North Dakota? It seems like a risky move if travel between states is not legally curtailed or reduced through other means like large tolls, gas taxes, or large flight taxes (none of these would exactly be popular). Nobody wants to be known as the state or city that started a second wave.

Public transportation usage, which has quite a positive image among the public, will probably decrease as people now feel safer driving private cars without having to bother with masks inside them. The need for more frequent disinfection will lead to increased costs. These could lead to less frequent buses or trains, making them less appealing again. What can be done about this besides maybe retrofitting them to add plexiglass barriers? Adding such barriers would reduce each subway train’s capacity, and this matters a lot in NYC.

It seems likely that some white-collar workers will just continue to work from 彩票联盟首页, as companies gained real-world experience with this process and saw that it worked. But since this was all completely unplanned, some companies or workers will instead take a dimmer view of telework than if it was implemented in a proper way.
Telemedicine will probably see a permanent rise. The trend towards automation could accelerate as less human contact can be preferable — advantage introverts.

Will the experience of spending weeks holed up in a small city apartment without the benefits of city life instead of spreading out in a larger house with a backyard cause noticeable shifts in buying/renting preferences among people with the means to choose? It seems that employees who shift to working from 彩票联盟首页 definitely could use extra space.

If the large number of pre-COVID-19 retail storefront vacancies in Manhattan is a good indicator, commercial landlords would rather wait years for high-paying tenants than lower their asking rent. They might have to take their losses now, however, as the number of vacancies will surely jump.

On one hand, lower-end apartments should see decreased rents as fewer people can pay as much as before and the demand curve will shift down. On the other hand, this will make real estate investments by landlords less profitable and carry a higher perceived risk. It doesn’t look like a good time to be a landlord. The higher-end apartments should not see as big of a disruption, as richer people won’t suffer as much economically.

I would have thought it was clear that the coronavirus response was bungled on all levels of government, but apparently the public disagrees and the CDC, for example, is well-regraded. But the status of some professions will be permanently changed nevertheless. Politicians should become even less trusted, while real experts should gain trust. This experience may influence climate change stances. Jobs with high unemployment rates, even if temporary, could be seen as less desirable.

Index investing doesn’t look like such an obvious choice anymore. It was very possible to see trouble coming well before the market reacted. The N-95 masks were in demand before the S&P 500 went down and apparently before anybody in hospitals, retirement 彩票联盟首页s, businesses, federal, state or local government was really preparing! If you saw it coming before them, would you ever invest your money with someone who couldn’t?

The public is hungry for new guidelines and information about which activities are safer than others. For example, some might think that taking elevators with other people is contraindicated. As would sitting in large university lectures. It might or might not be true (seems like it would be). There should be a significant focus on creating and assigning experiment- and evidence-based risk scores to common activities. We all should want to know these numbers before going back to our routines.

There will be a pent-up demand for some activities. People who put off their vacations will want to take them (though maybe not right away) if still within their budgets and people who haven’t gotten a haircut in three months will flood to hair salons. Some people missed going to concerts and others missed going to sports. Weddings were postponed. We could see a higher density of people at certain places for some time — not exactly desirable.

The companies that laid off their employees will face more friction in resuming normal operations than companies that furloughed employees, tipping the advantage toward companies with large amounts of cash on their balance sheets and low debt. Is it enough to create a permanent shift in company preferences toward a conservative approach, and with what consequences? Canceled expansion plans?

Flawed comparisons about whether Republican-run or Democratic-run states did better are coming. Important factors, like population density, the number of international visitors or public transportation use will be ignored. Will it matter in the elections? It should, though in the presidential election, it will be all about Trump’s performance. Or will the elections themselves be postponed? Where are you PredictIt and Betfair?

Dating will change. All apps can use video-chat features, but it will never be the same thing as meeting in person and it won’t replace face-to-face interaction. The bars might not reopen quickly — not only you are physically close to other bargoers but you also have to practically shout to be understood over the music and crowd noise, which spreads the virus farther. It’s not cheap for restaurants and bars to keep the noise levels down by design.

Buying over-the-counter drugs

Alexander Fishkov

Alexander Fishkov, Ph.D. student Computer Science

One of the largest retail markets in the United States is the over-the-counter drugs market. Its value was nearly $28 billion in 2016, increasing from $25 billion three years prior in 2013. This market stirs up quite a bit of controversy. Many people don’t believe in the effectiveness of some of the products and many of the products are not classified by the FDA as medicines. Today we present Statista.com data on why consumers buy over-the-counter drugs and what influences their decision.

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Over-the-counter drugs in the US

Alexander Fishkov

Alexander Fishkov, Ph.D. student Computer Science

One of the largest retail markets in the United States is the over-the-counter drug market. Its value was nearly $28 billion in 2016, a $3 billion increase over its $25 billion value three years prior in 2013. Today, we’ll take a look at Statista.com data and projections for the OTC drug market in the U.S. and specific product types.

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